Exercise is essential for maintaining physical health, but that doesn’t necessarily mean more is better. Negative effects of exercise can occur when someone exercises too fast or intense, focuses too much on one activity, or doesn’t know the right form. Excessive exercise can cause injuries, aggravate the condition, or even cause life-threatening emergencies.
Whether a person is just starting out or is a professional athlete, it is important to be aware of potential problems while exercising.
Sore muscles are a common side effect of exercise. A minor sore that goes away with rest in the few days after a hard workout is usually nothing to worry about. However, if muscle pain is extreme, lasts a long time nasty go away or get worse with repeated exercise, which can be a sign of overuse. Limbs may also feel heavy and be difficult to move. A person experiencing severe muscle pain may need to adjust their routine to avoid injury.
Remember that rest was just as important in building muscle or increasing endurance as lifting weights or running.
Most exercise headaches are described as: beating on both sides of the head during or after strenuous exercise. Headaches alone are usually not dangerous and may be helped with hydration or over-the-counter medications. However, if you also experience vomiting, neck stiffness or dizziness during or after exercise, you should consult a doctor. These could be symptoms of more serious problems.
Some people, especially athletes, notice the taste of blood in their mouths while exercising. This can occur suddenly and is not accompanied by actual bleeding. It may be alarming, but it is usual not dangerous. It can be caused by mild fluid buildup in the lungs or irritation of the mucous membranes during intense exercise.
Shortness of breath, wheezing and chest tightness are expected with increasing heart rate. But these could also be signs of exercise-induced asthma. This condition can occur in people who otherwise don’t have asthma and can be mistaken for simply being out of shape. Overdoing it in the gym can make this problem worse. An inhaler and keeping workouts at a reasonable level can help manage asthma and make the fitness experience more comfortable.
While some people exercise to regulate or manage weight, losing weight too quickly can be unhealthy. Excessive exercise is possible disturb the appetite and cause constipation or diarrhea. Proper nutrition — and timing around workouts correctly — is essential to getting the best results from an exercise routine. Those who notice a dramatic change in weight, lose their appetite, or have stomach problems may need to take it easy or even see a nutritionist for help.
Too much exercise can disrupt the menstrual cycle. People can notice lighter periods, less regular periods, or none at all. This can affect fertility and be symptomatic of more serious problems. If you notice a change in your menstrual cycle during exercise, you may need to see a doctor and adjust your routine.
While moderate, healthy exercise can improve mood, excessive exercise can have the opposite effect. Someone who has exercised too hard for too long may have trouble sleeping. They are allowed feeling tired or irritable all the time, low mood, and lose interest in things they once enjoyed. Rest can help with these symptoms, as can exercise intensity.
Weakened immune system
Rest is just as important for fitness as the exercise itself. Continuous exercise without proper rest periods can disrupt the gains you’re trying to achieve and damage the immune system. A person may become more vulnerable to common cold and other diseases if they train too much. Sometimes this problem can be avoided with better nutrition and hydration. In other cases, they may need to cut back on exercise or stop for a short time.
The heart is a muscle and, like most muscles, exercise is generally good for it. However, some people experiencing higher blood Busy and heart rate even after their training is over. This can occur in people with underlying heart conditions and there is even evidence that: heart damage can occur by long periods of overtraining.
People with heart symptoms may need a doctor’s help to adjust their exercise routines to a safe level.
Rhabdomyolysis, a relatively rare but serious complication of exercise, is a condition in which the muscles break down, are released at much of the protein myoglobin. This can damage the kidneys, cause serious illness and even be fatal. Common symptoms include muscle swelling, weakness, pain, and dark or reddish urine.
Those at higher risk of developing rhabdomyolysis include firefighters, military personnel, long-distance runners, and the elderly. Heat and prolonged exercise without rest are other risk factors. If you suspect you have rhabdomyolysis, see a doctor.