On Martyr’s Day 2022, India celebrates Shaheed Diwas to remember Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev

During the British rule of British India (now Pakistan), the three were hanged at Lahore Central Jail on March 23, 1931.

On the 23rd of March, every year, Indian freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar commemorate their deaths.

The Bhagat Singh plot involved killing a police officer in order to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

During an order from British police officer James Scott to use a lathi, Rai, a non-violent protester against the Simon Commission, had received injuries.

Sukhdev, Singh, Rajguru and Rajguru planned to execute Scott after this. Singh publicly announced his intention to execute Scott. However, the trio mistakenly shot and killed British police officer John Saunders. Singh’s freedom struggle continued after that. The British accused the three freedom fighters of killing Saunders.

The legendary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh and his associates dropped two bombs at the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in 1929, during which they chanted, “Inquilab Zindabad”, or “Long live the revolution”.

Britishers executed the three at the Lahore Central Jail in British India (now Pakistan) on March 23, 1931.

March 23 is recognized as Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas.

Important Facts About Martyrs’ Day

Martyrs’ Day is an annual commemoration of soldiers who died in the line of duty while preserving their country’s sovereignty. The exact day may differ from one country to the next.

In India, Martyr’s Day, also known as Shaheed Diwas, is commemorated mainly on two occasions. The day on which three courageous independence fighters, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar, were hung by the British is commemorated on March 23rd. In addition, Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, 30 January, is commemorated as Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas. Let’s take a closer look at it. 

Martyr’s Day on 30th January  

Every year on January 30, India commemorates Martyrs’ Day, also known as Shaheed Diwas. Mahatma Gandhi was shot and killed by Nathuram Godse during his evening prayers in the Birla House on January 30, 1948. As a result, the country commemorates Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary on January 30th as Martyr’s Day.  

The President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Defense Minister, and the three Service Chiefs (Army, Air Force, and Navy) lay multi-colored floral wreaths at his Samadhi at Raj Ghat in Delhi on this day. A two-minute silence is held across the country at 11 a.m. in honor of Indian martyrs. 

Diksha Dutt is a coder, blogger, and teacher. Apart from blogging, she is an avid reader and a travel enthusiast. Thanks for stopping by and getting to know her.