National Mathematics Day is observed annually on 22 December. December 22 is also the birth anniversary of legendary mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.
Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, on February 26, 2012, declared December 22 to be celebrated as the National Mathematics Day to mark Srinivasa Ramanujan’s birth anniversary.
Almost every career and aspect of daily life requires some knowledge of mathematics. With this in mind, National Mathematics Day is observed to educate the public on the significance of numbers and calculations.
National Mathematics Day: Theme
National Mathematics Day 2022 has no theme. The purpose of the day is to raise public awareness of the value of mathematics as well as recent breakthroughs and advancements in the subject. To honour this day, numerous colleges and universities conduct tournaments, olympiads, and other educational events.
Who is Srinivasa Ramanujan?
The National Mathematics Day is marked to recognise and celebrate the works of Srinivasa Ramanujan. Srinivasa Ramanujan, the Indian mathematical genius, was born on this day in 1887. Ramanujan was born to a Tamil Brahmin Iyengar family at Erode, Tamil Nadu. The former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, on February 26, 2012, declared December 22 as the National Mathematics Day to mark the Indian mathematician’s birth anniversary.
Srinivasa Ramanujan is also known as the ‘man who knew infinity’. Ramanujan who did not receive any formal education in Mathematics has made several important contributions to the field of Mathematics.
Srinivasa Ramanujan’s journey to being a genius started when he sent a letter to a Professor where he mentioned about 120 mathematical theorems. He joined the Trinity College a few months before World War 1 started. In 1916 Ramanujan was awarded the Bachelor of Science degree. In 1917, he was elected to the London Mathematical Society. In 1918 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society for his research on Elliptic Functions and theory of numbers. The same year in October he became the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
In 1919, he returned to India due to his poor health and a year later, on April 26, 1920, he breathed his last at the age of 32.
Hee are 10 points on life and work of the great mathematician:
- Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887, in Tamil Nadu’s Erode to a Brahmin Iyengar family. He had developed a liking for mathematics at a very young age, mastering trigonometry at 12 and was eligible for a scholarship at the Government Arts College in Kumbakonam.
- He studied at the Government College in Kumbakonam in 1903. Due to his dislike for non-mathematical subjects, he failed exams there. He had enrolled in Madras’ Pachaiyappa College at the age of 14.
- In 1912, Ramanujan started working as a clerk in the Madras Port Trust. There, his mathematical genius was recognised by some of his colleagues and one of them referred him to Professor GH Hardy of Trinity College, Cambridge University. He met Hardy in 1913, after which he went to Trinity College.
- In 1916, Ramanujan received his Bachelor of Science (BSc) degree. He went on to publish several papers on his subject with Hardy’s help. The two even collaborated on several joint projects.
- Ramanujan was elected to the London Mathematical Society in 1917. Next year, he was elected to the prestigious Royal Society for his research on Elliptic Functions and theory of numbers. He was also the first Indian to be elected a Fellow of the Trinity College.
- Despite not receiving any formal training in pure maths, Ramanujan made impactful contribution to the discipline in his short life. His areas of work include infinite series, continued fractions, number theory and mathematical analysis.
- He also made notable contributions like the hypergeometric series, the Riemann series, the elliptic integrals, the theory of divergent series, and the functional equations of the zeta function. He is said to have discovered his own theorems and independently compiled 3,900 results.
- In 1919, Ramanujan returned to India. A year later, on April 26, he breathed his last owing to deteriorating health. He was just 32 years old. His biography ‘The Man Who Knew Infinity’ by Robert Kanigel depicts his life and journey to fame.
- A film of the same name was released in 2015 in which British-Indian actor Dev Patel played Ramanujan. The film shed light on Ramanujan’s childhood in India, his time in Britain, and his journey to becoming the great mathematician.
- An anecdote from his biography shows Ramanujan’s brilliance. In this, GH Hardy said: I remember once going to see him when he was ill at Putney. I had ridden in taxi cab number 1729 and remarked that the number seemed to me rather a dull one, and that I hoped it was not an unfavourable omen. “No,” he replied, “it is a very interesting number; it is the smallest number expressible as the sum of two cubes in two different ways.” Thus, 1729 became the Hardy-Ramanujan number – definitely not the greatest contribution of Ramanujan, but perhaps the easiest one to remember.
National Mathematics Day 2022: Quotes
Mathematics is not about numbers, equations, computations, or algorithms: it is about understanding” –William Paul Thurston
Without mathematics, there’s nothing you can do. Everything around you is mathematics. Everything around you is numbers” – Shakuntala Devi
The only way to learn mathematics is to do mathematics” –Paul Halmos
Nature is written in mathematical language” –Galileo Galilei
Mathematics is a game played according to certain simple rules with meaningless marks on paper” –David Hilbert
Since the mathematicians have invaded the theory of relativity, I do not understand it myself anymore” –Albert Einstein
Obvious’ is the most dangerous word in mathematics” –Eric Temple Bell
There should be no such thing as boring mathematics” – Edsger W Dijkstra
National Mathematics Day 2022: Wishes
1. Those who call mathematics stupid are the ones who cannot measure their intelligence. The pulse of the universe is dependent on mathematics. Happy National Mathematics Day!
2. Of all the hardest things to conquer on the face of this earth, math is the one that truly deserves all your attention. Try hard and you will fall in love with it.
3. On the occasion of National Mathematics Day, I wish all your joys multiply and all your sorrows get subtracted from your life…Best wishes to you!
4. The best thing about mathematics is that it is very simple once you understand it…. Wishing you a very Happy National Mathematics Day!
5. Let us celebrate National Mathematics Day by keeping aside all the fears for math and embracing this subject with love.
6. Love math in order to understand the various calculations of life in an unmatched way. Happy Maths Day to all the Mathematicians!
7. Simplification is not only valid in math, it teaches us to simplify the complexities of life. Happy National Mathematics Day!
8. The greatest power that a person can have is to be knowledgeable about math. Happy National Mathematics Day!